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Traditional Chinese Medicine

 

The science of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) explains the relationship between human physioligy and pathology using the ancient theory of Yin Yang and the Five Elements. It brings together the building blocks of physiology, pathology, diagnosis, prescription, therapy, and prevention. This comprehensive science and its unique theories form the foundation of Chinese Medicine.
In Traditional Chinese Medicine, the major functions of the body are built around the five main organs the heart, the lungs, the kidneys, the liver and the spleen. The Chinese call them the five Zang or five solid organs. The system of the five Zang organs controls the main Yin Yang balance of the body. Other organs are distributed among these five solid organs, and all organs are connected through channels. For example, the kidney is connected to the ears, the liver to the eyes, etc. TCM also incorporates the concept of channels and the meridian, the former connects the organs, while the meridian is like a network that branches out from the channels and is thinner than the channels.
Human disease can be varied and not limited to the five organs,but according to Chinese Medicine, all illness are related in some way to those organs. Traditional Chinese Medicine uses the five organs as the central structure that links all anatomical parts to create a whole. Once the internal organs malfunction in some way, they will be differences in colour, sound, shape, and pulse. Based on a comprehensive analysis of these symptoms, doctors can make the correct diagnosis and prescribe the right medicines.
Diagnostics in Chinese Medicine involves four methods: observation, smell, inquiry and pulse-taking. With the trained eye, the doctor observes the patients’s facial complexion and tougue. Next comes smell and listening to the patient. Assessing the history of the complaint is the basis of all good medical practice, while pulse-taking allows the doctor to interpret from the palpation of the pulse and assess which organ is diseased.
Most Chinese medicines are made from natural ingredients and preparations, including plants, animals, minerals and some chemical or biological ingredients. The history of Chinese herbal medicine stretches back more than four thousand years. So far, those Chinese medicines already proven by pharmaceutical scientists number over 8,000 while medical herbs total more than 6,000. Some of what the Western world considers to be ornamental plants are in fact part of Chinese herbal medicine.
The processing of Chinese medicine is a stringent scicence, for example, in the timing in gathering of herbs, their soaking and preparating for use. To brew herbal medicine, the utensil is also very important, there must be perfect timing and sequencing of the ingredients added, all the while taking into account the subtleties in cooking temperatures. However, the most important thing is the doctor’s prescription. Different illnesses call for different prescriptions and different patients with the same ailment call for variations in prescription. The doctors who have combined their vast knowledge with extensive experience became hallowed names in Chinese medical histroy. Some of their prescriptions are still used by doctors today.      

 

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