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Chinese Festivals

 

The Spring Festival is the largest and most popular traditional festival celebrated in China. For the Spring Festival celebrations, there is new year food shopping to be done, markets to browse, and every faminly gets together for the important new year’s eve meal of dumplings. Relatives and friends visit each other to offer new year greetings, the best things to say are lucky ones such as “Happy New Year!” “Happy the Spring Festival!” New year also means new clothes, especially to children, who usually have the most fun. Adults also give children or their younger generations lucky red packets with money inside. In rural areas of China, the Spring Festival also means every family lights firecrackers, puts out auspicious couplets on their doors and lucky paper-cuts on windows, everywhere you’ll see colorful decorations and bright laterns, adding to the atmosphere of happiness.

China has festivals in almost every month of the year. The major festivals are:

New Year’s Day-----1st of January

The Spring Festival-----1st of the 1st month in the lunar calendar

Lantern Festival-----15th of the 1st month in the lunar calendar

Women’s Day-----8th of March

Labor Day-----1st of May

Dragon Boat Festival-----5th of the fifth month in the lunar calendar

Children’s Day-----1st of June

Mid-Autumn Festival-----15th of the eighth month in the lunar calendar

Chongyang Festival-----9th of the ninth month in the lunar calendar

National Day-----1st of October

In addition, there is the 1st of July----the birthday for the Communist Party of China, the 1st of August----Army Day, and the 10th of September----Teacher’s Day, etc. While the international calendar takes one year as being the time it takes for the earth to revolve around the Sun9 (365.24219 days), normal years have 365 days, leap years have 366 days and each year has twelve months. The lunar calendar is a legacy of the past, its history dates back to the Xia Dynasty, which is why it is also called the Xia calendar, people also call it Nong (rural) calender for its use in agriculture. With more than 4000 year’s of history, the lunar calendar is the opposite of the international calendar. The international calendar, it takes the amount of time the Moon revolves around the earth (29.3059 days) as one month, normal months have 29 days and leap months have 30 days, twelve months make one year and each year has 354 or 355 days, on average it has 11 days less per year than the international calendar. The international calendar and the lunar are both in used in China with all traditional festivals celebrated according to the dates in the lunar calendar.

     

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